Carpal tunnel syndrome causes: 5 main causes and how they arise


Doctors use the collective term carpal tunnel syndrome causes to describe a series of symptoms that arise from pressure on the median nerve in the carpal tunnel area of ​​the hand. The symptoms can range from mild inconvenience to significant impairment. But what actually causes carpal tunnel syndrome?

What is carpal tunnel syndrome?

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a condition that is often accompanied by pain, tingling and other unpleasant sensations in the hand and fingers. It occurs when the median nerve, which runs from the forearm side through a small space in your wrist (the carpal tunnel), becomes compressed.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Causes – Main Causes:

The reasons for this unpleasant compression can be varied. Some of the most common causes are:

Repetitive movements and overuse: One of the most common causes of CTS is repetitive, uniform hand and finger movements, such as those that occur when typing or working on an assembly line. They can cause swelling in the carpal tunnel area, which then puts pressure on the nerve.

Hormonal changes and pregnancy: Hormonal fluctuations, especially during menopause and pregnancy, can cause swelling and thus trigger or worsen CTS.

Chronic diseases: Various health conditions such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and hypothyroidism are known to increase the risk of carpal tunnel syndrome.

Wrist injuries: Fractures or sprains of the wrist can narrow the carpal tunnel and lead to CTS.

Symptoms and diagnosis

Typical symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome are tingling, numbness, weakness in the hand or pain that can extend from the wrist up into the arm. A doctor can make a diagnosis based on symptoms, a physical examination, and, if appropriate, a nerve conduction velocity test.

Prevention and risk reduction

There are several approaches to minimize the risk of carpal tunnel syndrome. These range from workplace adjustments, such as ergonomic keyboards or mouse pads, to taking regular breaks to relax your hands. A general healthy lifestyle, which includes management of chronic conditions such as diabetes, can also be helpful.

Carpal tunnel syndrome causes treatment curpal
Carpal tunnel syndrome causes: 5 main causes and how they arise

When to see a doctor

If you notice signs and symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome, especially if they interfere with your daily activities or cause pain that does not go away, you should consult your doctor. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent permanent nerve damage.

Finally, understanding the causes of carpal tunnel syndrome is an important step in preventing and treating this condition. Both in the workplace and in everyday life, simple adjustments can make a big difference. If you want to learn more about specific steps you can take or if you are concerned about your symptoms, talk to a specialist or read more in our detailed guide .

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